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How Lighting Affects Your Home’s Paint Color (and therefore how you perceive your home)

January 4, 2022

Why do your navy blue walls look black at certain times of day? And why does a normally white room appear yellow in the evenings? If you’ve ever experienced these perplexities, you can attest to how much light can affect our perception of color.

In fact, the direction that light hits a wall and the positioning of the sun can have an influence on what color that wall appears to be to the naked eye.


So how do you gauge paint colors and select lighting that will give you the color you want? There’s a lot that goes into it, so here’s a breakdown.

Natural Lighting

  • Natural light plays an integral part in how we perceive paint colors in our home. A general rule of thumb is that if your room is North facing it will let in soft light, producing a warm effect. This means dark paints will look darker and light paints will be more dim.
  • On the other hand, if the room receives South facing light exposure, it will have much more intense light. Dark colors will appear brighter and light colors (particularly white) can make the room look washed out.
  • Rooms on the West side of your home will receive warm light in the evenings and shadows in the mornings, and rooms with exposure from the East can brighten up your room before noon and make it cooler in the evenings.

It’s a lot to consider, but luckily by using the right artificial lighting you can control the colors and hues of your home at any time of day, regardless of natural light exposure. Here’s how!

Artificial Lighting

  • Standard soft white incandescent or LED lights bulbs provide warm, natural lighting. These lights will make bright colors (red/orange/yellow) appear slightly more intense, and cooler paints (green/blue/gray) will appear a little duller.
  • Even warmer than incandescent bulbs are vintage “Edison” bulbs. Vintage bulbs are known to add a warm, sometimes yellow, and occasionally amber hue to a room. Many people use vintage lighting options to warm up a room that doesn’t get much natural sunlight, or to complement warm paint colors.
  • On the contrary, fluorescent lights are known for giving off a blue-ish, cooler light. Fluorescents pair well with cooler paints such as those in the blue/green/gray family. Usually these cool lights are used in workspaces or kitchens.

Light Positioning

  • Also keep in mind the many different effects that can be created through how you position your lighting. Chandeliers and lighting fixtures offer a lot of light to a room, and they distribute that light really well throughout the space.
  • Table lamps and floor lamps are a great option if your room doesn’t quite get enough natural light so you want to make it a touch brighter, but you don’t want to affect the wall colors very much. By restricting the light source to one spot in the room you can limit the impact of lighting on the paint color.
  • Things like string lights, rope lights, and candles are also perfect for adding a warm and cozy vibe to a room. They work great for warming up bright/light paint colors, and they also have a beautiful contrasting effect in rooms with darkly painted walls.

Final Tips

  • When painting, it’s highly recommended that you always do a test area on your walls! Simply holding up the paint swatch to a wall won’t give you an accurate idea of what the effect will be. Test the paint on each wall in the room by doing a patch with two coats, and pay attention to how it is affected by natural light at different times of the day.
  • If one wall receives much more light than others, you could even go a shade lighter or darker on that wall just so that it fits more appropriately with the other walls in the room. Use the experts at your paint store for assistance and advice.
  • Lastly, don’t forget that objects also play a part in the overall perception of a room! Furniture, decor, and wall hangings all affect how light is reflected and absorbed. Be mindful of the fact that if you’re painting and testing lighting in an empty room, the room might feel slightly different once you load in the furniture.

Q&A: Submit your question

All questions are answered within 24 hours.

  • I have just painted my living room and kitchen a warm white (cream) which looks bright yellow in certain lights. What kind of light bulb will tone it down?

    Thanks for your question. A cooler, more daylight-colored bulb will tone down the warm tones, while a warmer, amber-colored bulb will do the opposite. Look for bulbs described as "Cool" or "Bright" white, or "Daylight." Kelvins describe the temperature or color of the light - anything over 3500K should do the trick. Hope that helps! 

  • I'm trying to bring out more green in a blue green paint on my walls. The room is north & west facing. Any suggestions on lighting?

    To tone down blue tones and enhance green tones, you'll want to use warmer, amber colored bulbs. Look for "Warm" or "Soft" White bulbs, with a kelvin temperature of lower than 3000K for your flush mount fixtures and task lighting. Vintage-style or "Edison" bulbs will also give you a warm glow, but they are generally less bright and are great for creating a cozy, relaxing vibe. Shope our Edison styled bulbs here. Hope that helps! 

  • I have all "daylight" color bulbs and a lot of neutral to cool white accents on trim and cabinets. Suddenly I want more warmer whites. Rather than repaint...can certain lighting take the edge off this crisp white?

    Thanks for your question - I understand, as I also find that "daylight" color bulbs feel a little too cold for me. Look for "Soft White" or "Warm White"  colored bulbs, which would help! 

  • I have a north facing dining room with white walls. I want to make an accent wall to put focus on the dining table and dining table lamp. The lamp gives off an amber colored light. Which wall colors would be complimentet by the amber light?

    Many colors look great with amber colored light, but colors on the warmer end of the spectrum will be complimented best by amber light. Personally, I love a warm earth tone for a dining room, like a terracotta. I would stay away from cooler colors, like lavender, or light blue. It's always a good idea to paint a sample on the actual accent wall, and view it at all times of day. Have fun choosing your new color! 

  • I just painted my walls black with no blue undertones during the day. The lighting I currently have at night makes it look navy blue. Would I want bright white or warm white to make it look more black?

    We recommend trying warm white lighting, but it depends on the brand and composition of the paint, as well as the position of your light fixture. 

  • We are about to move into a house which has light blue walls, however most of my furniture and decorations have quite an earthy feel and won’t go with the light blue. Will using orange lights give the blue paint a browner look?

    Yes, warm lights tend to dull blue tones. We recommend using soft white bulbs.

  • Hi I realized that the gray marble-look porcelain tiles I got for my bathroom wall has a brown tone in it. How can I get rid of the brown tone? Can I use cold/bright white LED lightings to make the wall tiles look more of a neutral gray instead of brownish gray? Thanks so much!

    Hi there - Yes, using a cooler white light will help tone down the brownish tones in your marble. A "daylight" balanced bulb will be a cooler white, but not too harsh. 

  • I have tile for a bathroom that in some light it appears washed out gray and then other types of light it appears more blue. I’m wanting the more blue look to it and wanted to know what type of light should I use in my new bathroom so that you see blue instead of gray? Oh also the white designs on the tile become gray and I’m wanting them white. Thank you for your help

    When you notice the tile is looking the way you want it to, you should note the color temperatureand the CRIof the bulbs you are using. You can then buy your lighting based on that information to make your tiles look just the way you want them.